Binh Dinh province

Introductions

Area:
Population:

Provincial capital:
Districts:
Economic potentialities:
6,076 sq km
1,428,000

Qui Nhon City
An Lao, Hoai An, Hoai Nhon, Phu My, Phu Cat, Vinh Thanh, Tay Son, Tuy Phuoc, Van Canh, An Nhon
agriculture, fishery

Binh Dinh is located on the coast of Central Vietnam and is divided in four clear-cut regions: highlands, midlands, plains, and coast. It is bordered by Quang Ngai to the north, Phu Yen to the south, the East Sea to the east, and Gia Lai to the west. Binh Dinh is 1,655 km from Hanoi and is accessible either by car, train, or plane. The main ethnic groups in this area are the Kinh, Ba Na, Lo, and Cham.

The annual average temperature is 26°C. The dry season lasts from December to August, and the rainy season, from September to November.

Special products of the province: silk, swallow nest, shrimp, fish, precious wood, vegetable oil, rice, marble, titanium, and handicraft articles. Binh Dinh is also the home of old folk opera, and Bai Choi folk songs.

The many historical sites include the Cham Tower, Duong Long Tower, Doi Tower, and Quang Trung Museum. The region also offers plenty of beautiful landscapes such as Quy Hoa, Hoi Van, Thi Nai Lowland, and Ham Mo Springs.

Quy Nhon, the capital city of Binh Dinh province is 1,065 km from Hanoi on National Highway 1. In the old day Quy Nhon was called Thi Nai, the name of a beautiful lake inside the city.
Quy Nhon is a seaside city whose port is accessible to 4,000 tons ships.

Attractions


Quy Nhon: Quy Nhon Sea: It has an annual average temperature of 25.7 degree Celsius, and is suitable for tourism the year round. The Hoang Hau beach is an ideal place for bathing.

Quang Trung Museum: The Quang Trung Museum is dedicated to Nguyen Hue, a national hero of the 18th century. It was built in his native land of Kien My village, Binh Thanh commune, Tay son district, some 45km from Quy Nhon City. Nguyen Hue is one of the three brothers who led the Tay Son Insurrection. In 1788 he led a great force advancing from Phu Xuan (Hue) to the North. It took 35 days and they exacted an overwhelming defeat on the Qing invasion force of 290,000 troops near Thang Long (now Hanoi), thereby liberating the royal capital. He crowned himself emperor Quang Trung the same year. Visiting Quang Trung museum tourists will enjoy music and demonstrations of Vo Tay Son, a traditional martial art of Binh Dinh. In particular they can see a young woman, a niece of the 9th generation of Emperor Quang Trung, playing 11 battle drums.

The Thap Thap Pagoda:
The temple was build in 1665 in the Do Ban citadel. the second capital of the Kingdom of Champa some 27km from Quy Nhon City. It is a Buddhist temple, but its decorations ar characterized by the Cham decorative art.

The Duong Long Cham Tower:
The Duong long Tower of the Cham also called Thap Nga (The tower of Ivory) is 50km from Quy Nhon city. Actually it is a group of three towers. The central one is 24m high the two to each side are 22m high. This tower group is one of the most beautiful in central Vietnam.

The Bank It Tower:
This group of four towers, also called Thap Bac (Silver Tower), is 25km from Quy Nhon City. The main tower is 22m high. Standing by Banh It Tower tourists can enjoy a panoramic scenic view of this fertile of fertile countryside.

An Khe Pass :
Historians and researchers beating a path to An Khe have to be quick – it could have changed its name by the time they get there.  Even locals call it differently and by the various names it has – enjoyed would be the wrong word – borne over recent history.  But now it’s happily settled, those same local like to think, on simple An Khe, lying north of the western highlands of Tay Nguyen.  But the name change riddle belies its place in history: especially during the Tay Son Uprising and as a centre-piece of resistance during the French occupation and the American conflict.

Older people remember it better as An Khe Hamlet, in Quy Nhon Town’s Phu Ly District but younger people know its simple by its modern, and hopefully more settled name, after countless changes.
It’s near Quy Nhon and Pleiku, reached through the celebrated An Khe Pass, known as Mang by the Ba Na ethnic people, and the custodian of much of the history of the 18th century Tay Son Dynasty.
That’s what makes it a place of pilgrimage for tourists and historians seeking to shed light the uprisings of the time – secrets still to be found in voluminous documentation.
Overlording it almost is the Ong Binh Mountain, and its beautiful but tortuous winding road, which failed to deter wartime workers using it to store their supplies in one of its caves.
The same cave housed hero Mai Xuan Thuong after he was defeated at nearby Bau Sau and nearby to the southeast stands Ong Nhac Mountain where Tay Son troops rested during their advance on the North.
Getting to An Khe is less arduous now – a good road sees to that – and the journey, through paddies and orchards, is no less serene. At one point a small shrine splendidly marks Mieu Xa, where Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Hue’s brother, killed pythons to take the oath of uprising. At Dong Gang junction to the north, Cuu An and Tu Thuy stand testimony to long-remembered atrocities committed by French troops.
The military connection extends to Tu Thuy, and its Mo Dieu forest and the Hoang De, or Emperor, mount, and a field called Co Hau Ya Do, where the Tay Son troops set up their barracks and depots in preparation for their general uprising. There Nguyen Nhac based his headquarters while his wife Ya Do grew rice to supply the men.

Further along Highway 19, An Khe straddles the road. To its south is further proof of the military importance of the area through history – the Ong Nhac Fortress, ruined but still impressive.

At nearby Cha Diem mountain Tay Son troops hid their weapons and Hien Hach mount was where they tamed the local wild horses.  And in a place of mountains there’s the simply named Kong – used as a watching post by those same troops.

A place of mountains, a place of war – and a place of many names, celebrated in one poem:

In An Khe, there are Mountain Kong
Hanh Hot forest and the Ba River,
And prairies spreading as far as eyes can see
And orchards laden with juicy fruit all the year round.

Quang Trung Museum :
Quang Trung Museum was dedicated to Nguyen Hue, a national hero of the 18th century. It was built in his native Kien My village, Binh Thanh commune, in Tay Son district, approximately 45 km from Quy Nhon.

Nguyen Hue was one of the three brothers who led the Tay Son insurrection. In 1788, Nguyen Hue led his troops from Phu Xuan, now called Hue, to the north in 35 days. They then defeated the 290,000 Qing invaders, near Thang Long, now Hanoi, and Nguyen Hue proclaimed himself Emperor Quang Trung in the same year.

Visiting Quang Trung Museum, tourists will enjoy the music and demonstrations of Vo Tay Son, a traditional martial art of Binh Dinh. Emperor Quang Trung’s 9th generation niece playing the 11 battle drums can also be seen.

Source: http://vietnam.sawadee.com/binhdinh/index.htm

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